Northern Black Sea Is Now A ‘Warlike Operations Areas’ As Navy Fails To Protect Shipping In NATO Waters

By : John Konrad


While the US Navy and large NATO powers remain notably absent from the Black Sea few assets are available in the region to protect commercial shipping – while even NATO territorial waters are not being protected – the Joint Negotiating Group (JNG) and the International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) have designated areas in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov as ‘Warlike Operations Areas’ triggering an increased security level and other entitlements for seafarers in the war zone.

The designation was agreed at an emergency high-level meeting on the rapidly escalating crisis in Ukraine between the social partners yesterday. Repatriation, payment of wages, safe transit and respect of individual seafarers’ rights, particularly for seafarers from the region, were the focus of discussions. The JNG and ITF as social partners, negotiate and ensure application of the International Bargaining Forum (IBF) agreement, which is the only international collective bargaining agreement covering terms and conditions for seafarers in international trade on over 9,000 ships.

The escalation in hostilities and conflict in Ukraine has put enormous pressure on seafarers of all nations and industries already laboring under the demands and challenges of the pandemic. The parties agreed that the welfare of seafarers and the protection of their rights in this unprecedented situation was paramount to the spirit and intent of the IBF agreement.

IBF Warlike Operations Areas were designated for the Sea of Azov (north of latitude 46°N), the Northern Black Sea Region and all ports in Ukraine. Under this classification seafarers onboard IBF covered ships are entitled to receive:
Ø bonus equal to basic wage, payable for 5 days minimum + per day if longer;
Ø doubled compensations for death and disability;
Ø right to refuse sailing, with repatriation at company’s cost and compensation equal to 2 month’s basic wage
Ø recommended to operate at ISPS Level 3

Due to the rapidly developing situation, these designations will be re-visited on a two-weekly basis to review the period of validity and, if necessary, the terms and conditions as well as the coordinates.

In addition to the establishment of the ‘Warlike Operations Areas’ around Ukraine and adjacent waters, the JNG and ITF also committed to further high-level discussions to monitor and review mechanisms to ensure seafarers’ safety and security in the rapidly evolving crisis. The potential need for refugee arrangements for Ukrainian seafarers and their families was also considered. The social partners agreed to increase pressure on governments to waive visas for Ukrainian seafarers to ease their repatriation.

NATO Navies Remain Silent

The US Navy and NATO have a joint Maritime Command in place but both have remained silent since the Invasion of Ukraine by Russian forces. The last update from NATO was issued almost a week ago. That update warns of AIS spoofing and suggests that commercial ship captains use “carefully consider and plan voyages based on an assessment of the escalating security situation”.According to Bosphorus Naval News not a single US Navy, Coast Guard or NATO warship has entered the black sea since hostilities began. This is despite the fact that ships both chartered and owned by NATO members have been hit in missile attacks. If a NATO member’s commercial aircraft was hit with a missile there would be an immediate international response but missile attacks on ships have not resulted in even a single US Navy or NATO shipping press release.


source : gCaptain